Introduction,Status and Distribution of Mollusca

Introduction,Status and Distribution of Mollusca

Project Animal(s) : Snails, Slugs,Mussels, Clams, Oysters, Octopuses, Squids, and other Opisthobranchs
Project Category : Mollusks
Project Region : Asia
Project Type : Conservation
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Project is timebound? : No

India’s coastline measures 7,517 kilometres in length According to the Indian navalhydrographic charts, the mainland coastline consists of the following: 43% sandy beaches; 11%rocky shores, including cliffs; and 46% mudflats ormarshy shores. Coastal features include the marshy Rann of Kutch of western India and the Sundarbans delta of eastern India. India has two archipelagos: the Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.The diversity is more in
the marine molluscs in India on east and west coasts and the islands of Lakshdweep and Andaman and Nicobar.They occurs in diverse habitat such as coral reefs,mangroves,rocky coasts,sandy beaches,sea grass beds and at great depth in the sea.The diversity and abundance is more in the rocky intertidal zone along the coasts and in the coral reef ecosystem.Commercial exploitation of these molluscs by various coastal people has stated deeming of population of
these molluscs on Indian coasts.The harvest of these species requires urgent need of control otherwise few species might be declined to extinction. Climate change and marine pollution have become major problems for marine organisms.for them, it has become difficult to adapt with changing’s also affecting the food chain.Therefore,BNHS has taken aforward step to conserve these species.

To document the Coastal diversity of molluscs of India, BNHS has undertaken the study ofMollusca. Systematic study of Molluscs and their distribution are the steps taken by BNHS to conserve this group.

Project Agency : Bombay Natural History Society

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